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A total of 24 states have increased or plan to increase their minimum wage mandates. However the data shows wages have been rising even before the fight for higher minimum wage movement. Additionally, only a small number of workers are helped by higher minimum wage mandates contrary to common belief.
According to the Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey, only 119,000 workers on average had their pay raised directly by each of the 51 state and local minimum-wage hikes between 2016 and 2019. That’s because even those in the 10th income decile—people who earn less than 90% of their peers—made $467 a week in December 2019. That’s $11.52 an hour, far higher than the federal minimum of $7.25 as well as most state and local minimum wages.
And because minimum wage workers make a very small percentage of workers, minimum wage rises make a miniscule of overall wage changes.
All told, the recent minimum-wage hikes directly increased total wages by $4.2 billion over a three-year period, including for workers whose wages fell somewhere between the old and new minimums. But the increase in wages for production and nonsupervisory workers (those likely to be paid hourly) over that period was $325 billion. So minimum-wage hikes directly accounted for only 1.3% of the total increase in the earnings of hourly workers over that period.
The fact of the matter is minimum wage workers continue to make a smaller and smaller proportion of workers. This is partly due to minimum wage mandates, but mainly because of employers raising wages due to rising productivity. Additionally younger workers entering the workforce (especially employed teenagers between 16 and 19), as well as highly inexperienced and low skilled workers make up a bigger proportion of minimum wage workers. This only goes to show wages go up as workers earn gain more skills and experience.