Figure 3 shows the IRS’ numbers for Minnesota’s net migration broken down by age. We see that, in 2020-2021, Minnesota lost residents in every single age category: indeed, people aged under 45 accounted for 41% of the net outflow of Minnesota residents in 2020-2021. Residents of all ages are fleeing Minnesota.
Figure 3: Minnesota’s net domestic migration by age, 2020-2021
Figure 4 shows the IRS’ numbers for Minnesota’s net migration broken down by the income of the primary taxpayer. We see that, in 2020-2021, Minnesota lost residents, on net, in every income category above $25,000 a year. Middle class Minnesotans are abandoning the state. By contrast, Minnesota saw a net gain in residents with incomes below $25,000 a year in 2020-2021.
Figure 4: Minnesota’s net domestic migration by income, 2020-2021
These numbers show, once again, that Minnesota is increasingly a state that people want to move away from, not one they want to move to. If state policymakers are serious about changing that, they need to follow evidence-based policies, not chase ideological fantasies.